Can Woman Leaders Shatter the Glass Ceiling? A Systematic Literature Review

Hilmiana Hilmiana, Devi Alviani


Gender equality is an essential aspect of human rights. However, gender-based discrimination is widespread to different degrees in many international organizations, including Indonesia. Currently, gender-related issues center around inequalities in situations and responsibilities between males and females, with females facing significant barriers to achieving positions of high authority. This inquiry aims to provide evidence of the efficacy of female leaders in promoting gender equality, with a specific focus on instances in Indonesia. This research is based on secondary data obtained from the Scopus database, specifically acquired using the keyword 'women's leadership' and the document study approach. The text is free from grammatical, spelling, and punctuation problems, and the content remains unaltered. After screening 1,129 papers, a total of 23 were selected for analysis using the Miles and Huberman methodology. The wording used is clear, concise, and unbiased, utilizing a formal style and accurate vocabulary. The material follows established norms for structure and formatting, including the use of standardized citation and footnote formats. The data suggest that women in Indonesia have made advancements in terms of their roles, positions, careers, and leadership achievements, despite facing ongoing obstacles from patriarchal society and cultural standards. Within this particular framework, preconceptions pertaining to the presumed vulnerabilities of female leaders have been discredited. These women have demonstrated their ability to adjust to changing environments, exerted a positive impact, prioritized the well-being of employees, encouraged intellectual growth, developed strategies for organizational development, shown responsiveness to change, improved organizational performance, stimulated innovation and creativity, facilitated flexibility for change, and actively promoted sustainable development.


Doi: 10.28991/HEF-2023-04-04-09

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Gender Disparaties; Equal Participation; Empowering; Leadership; Female Issues.


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DOI: 10.28991/HEF-2023-04-04-09


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